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guitar asylum

December 19th, 2009 Leave a comment Go to comments

guitar asylum

Hugo Wolf, who lived from 1860 to 1903, is recognized as the greatest composer of songs after Franz Schubert. What few people know is that Wolf was half insane most of his life, and died miserably in an asylum.

Much like Mozart, Wolf became hopelessly ensnared in the politics of music, and lost hand after hand to lady luck and his own foolishness.

A few instances serve to show the peculiar life and character of Hugo Wolf.

Hugo was high-strung and very nervous. He had struck on the course of being a composer, and supported the modernist "school" of Liszt and Wagner, as opposed to the older, stodgy school represented by Brahms, who was generally considered to be the old-school inheritor of the mantle of the great Beethoven.

A bohemian like Schubert, Hugo lived by visiting one friend after another and had no formal lodgings until the very last year of his life. He lived entirely on food parcels sent by his family.

Later, Wolf got a prestigious job as a music critic for a major Viennese newspaper. But the position was the beginning of his undoing as a composer.

At about the same time, Wolf approached the great composer Johannes Brahms and asked to be taught composition by the great master.

Brahms, knowing of Wolf's affection for the modernists Wagner and Liszt, brushed the young composer off with a vague suggestion that he study with one of Brahms' students.

Wolf, enraged, used all his power as a critic in an attempt to destroy Brahms, a revenge he concentrated on for years with great venom.

But his brutal criticism of Brahms backfired when Wolf presented his orchestral music to be played by the Vienna Philharmonic. Most of the members had been insulted by Wolf's reviews over the years, and many were personal friends of Brahms.

The Philharmonic committee dismissed his symphony and told him in a curt note that he could find the manuscript he had submitted with the doorman of the Opera House.

And Brahms wasn't the only music legend Wolf insulted. Many musicians had been attacked by Wolf in his column, most for petty personal reasons on Wolf's part.

So Wolf hid away and composed his now-famous, gorgeous songs, sometimes two and three in a day in a foment of fevered inspiration.

Two years before he died, he began work on a new opera. He worked like a madman and finished the piece in only fourteen weeks, thanks to his friends who rented him the only real apartment he ever had so he could finish the great work.

The opera had a premiere, but was a dismal failure. Wolf went mad the next year.

Wolf, in his final madness, believed that he had been appointed Director of the Vienna Opera, replacing legendary composer Gustav Mahler, a grand honor that existed only in Wolf's mind.

Finally, he broke into the house of Hermann Winkelmann, a famous singer at the opera and demanded that the fellow sing for him that very moment. Winkelmann slinked away and called the police, who arrived in fancy dress so that Wolf would believe they were upper class guests, not guards ready to take him to the asylum.

In life, Hugo Wolf was a disaster, but in posterity, his music remains that of a great master few have had the good luck to hear.

By John Aschenbrenner Copyright 2000 Walden Pond Press.

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